In the landmark case Obergefell v. Hodges, the U. Supreme Court ruled that all state bans on same-sex marriage were unconstitutional, making gay marriage legal throughout America. The ruling was a culmination of decades of struggles, setbacks and victories along the road to full marriage equality in the United States. In , just one year after the historic Stonewall Riots that galvanized the gay rights movement, law student Richard Baker and librarian James McConnell applied for a marriage license in Minnesota. Clerk Gerald Nelson rejected their application because they were a same-sex couple, and a trial court upheld his decision.
History of same-sex marriage in the United States
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By Reuters Staff. Reuters - The U. Supreme Court on Wednesday issued rulings on two high-profile gay marriage cases. Following is a timeline of important events in the history of gay marriage in the United States. Supreme Court lets stand a Minnesota Supreme Court ruling that the law does not allow for same-sex marriage, and that the issue is different from interracial marriage. Hardwick ruling.
This Map Shows How Gay Marriage Spread Across the United States
The history of same-sex marriage in the United States dates from the early s, when the first lawsuits seeking legal recognition of same-sex relationships brought the question of civil marriage rights and benefits for same-sex couples to public attention though they proved unsuccessful. Miike that suggested the possibility that the state's prohibition might be unconstitutional. That decision was met by actions at both the federal and state level to restrict marriage to male-female couples, notably the enactment at the federal level of the Defense of Marriage Act. The first legal same-sex marriage ceremony in the United States happened on February 12, , when the mayor of San Francisco, Gavin Newsom, ordered city hall to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. This decision resulted in the celebration of the first gay marriage in the United States, when Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon became the first gay couple to tie the knot and get official recognition of their fifty year relationship Marriage Equality New York.
It seems like a quintessentially 21st-century issue. In fact such formal unions have a long and fascinating history. W hat do you think of Stephen Fry getting married to Elliott Spencer?